Reformation of Islamic Knowledge in Hausaland: The Life, Contentions and Contributions of Usman Ibn Fodio
Precisely, the knowledge diffused in black Africa is significant as Ibn Fodio occupies a pivotal position as an erudite and copious scholar who wrote more than one hundred books concerning his thought about religion, government, culture, poetry, logic, rhetoric, Sufism, economy, trade, law, and society. Although many writers and researchers were much more interested on the Jihad of Ibn Fodio, and the establishment of the caliphate so they wrote voluminous chapters about his revolution, but abandoned to write much about the educational legacy left behind by the mammoth scholar. This paper tries to illustrate the major contribution of Fodio to Islamic knowledge, and his struggle in reforming the Hausaland (the present northern Nigeria) from the shackles of polytheism, superstitious belief, the tyranny of Hausa ruling elites who violated Sharia and put a heavy tax on the common man, and other evil deeds committed by individuals that are literally similar to that of Jahiliyyah period.
Keyword: Islamic Knowledge in Hausaland, Usman Ibn Fodio, Islamic knowledge, Contribution of Usman fodio